Architect Mark Lemmon designed this Methodist Chapel on the SMU campus in University Park. Sacred spaces invoke a tranquility and appeal that goes beyond their specific discipline. Here the chapel is used for a Catholic Easter vigil starting with lighting of the candles for a procession into the chapel. We see the cathedral of Notre Dame attract more visitors than the Eiffel Tower. Recently, we have seen nonpracticing Catholics and nonbelievers on their knees or weeping at the site of the fire. The sorrow expressed went beyond the loss of architecture and went directly to the faith and feelings that this architecture propelled for so many. I have always loved sacred architecture, whether it is imaginative, modern, or steeped in historical tradition, shiny or rustic. My favorite sacred space is where a birch bark cross, bound together, was placed on the point of a peninsula protruding into a small glacial lake surrounded by virgin forest. Birch bark-covered logs provided the seating and white faded stones lined the path to this transformative spot. Simple or elaborate, architecture and design does more than house or protect, it nourishes.
#Chapel #EasterVigil #SMU #UniversityPark #SMUChapel #CatholicService #Easter #Worship #LightingOfCandles #Dallas #Neighborhood #UniversityParkNeighborhood #SacredSpace #MarkLemmon #Design #Architecture #Architect #SMUCampus #Faith
Palm Springs would do well to reclaim the vibe conveyed in this 1990s shoot of 1950s Palm Springs. Dallas may no longer have cattle drives through the region, but it still has boots, buckles, and swagger. There is still iconography and a vibe in Texas that continues. Most of the mid-century Palm Springs hotels are gone, but the vibe of Palm Springs should continue. My recommendation is to place these Thom Jackson photographs of Chandra North in every major Palm Springs hotel, the vistors bureau, and Palm Springs promotional material. The 1950s and 1990s are decades of growth and change. It was a time of underlying elegance, sophistication, and fun. These Thom Jackson shot photographs of Chandra North show these aspirational qualities are timeless. *Reclaim Palm Springs
#PalmSprings #Dallas #CraigheadGreenGallery #DallasArtFair @ChandraNorthOfficial #ChandraNorth #ThomJackson @tjphotodtx #DesignDistrict #DallasNeighborhood #Photography #Fashion #FashionPhotography #Retro #Design #Model #FashionModel #PhotoShoot
Photographer Thom Jackson and model Chandra North reminisce about their photography shoot in Palm Springs 30 years ago. This retro shoot for American Airlines brought attention to Palm Springs in 1990 and brings attention to Palm Springs now. It also brings attention to the Craighead Green Gallery where these photographs are exhibited and brings attention to Dallas. The talent of photographer Thom Jackson and beauty of Chandra North demonstrates that fashion, photography, and art show best in Dallas. *Palm Springs in Dallas
#PalmSprings #Dallas #CraigheadGreenGallery #DallasArtFair @ChandraNorthOfficial #ChandraNorth #ThomJackson @tjphotodtx #DesignDistrict #DallasNeighborhood #Photography #Fashion #FashionPhotography #Retro #Design #Model #FashionModel #PhotoShoot
This small home on four acres overlooking White Rock Lake is a triumph and testimony for quality architectural renovation design. Architects Ted Larson and Paul Pedigo of Larson & Pedigo reduced the 1939 home to its original 3,600 square feet ten years ago and designed the renovation that has continued to attract families to raise their children in the home. In this era where even 12,000 square foot homes are being torn down after 20 years, this 80-year-old 3,600 square foot home reflecting the architecture of its period survives. One can never underestimate the importance of a vision for a home and quality design and renovation. Sited on land with far more value than most lots where 10,000 square foot homes are being torn down, this home remains. This spring the third family with children purchased the home and will keep the original 3,600 square foot architectural footprint intact. These buyers were attracted to the refined and sophisticated materials, finishes, and craftsmanship that enhance the elegance and relaxed lakehouse feel of the home. The renovation design immerses the home on the site and provides full views of the lake, the spectacular terraced land, trees, and gardens. The owners that originally renovated the home had a vision that a 1930s home typical of the era could be enhanced by accentuating its merit rather than conspicuously modifying its architecture. The second family continued to groom the four acres of land to make it even more enjoyable and enticing for their family. Now, the third family with children, since the renovation, is able to fully enjoy the architectural and landscape contributions of their predecessors. A home on
White Rock Lake is more than just a home. It is about the benefits and tranquility of the lake. When someone says a house should be torn down because the land is so valuable, this is a good example of a small home where three successive families with ample resources celebrated the land with a small house design renovation. *Small House Triumphs
#SmallHouseLargeLand #Preservation #Architecture #Architect #LarsonAndPedigo #Design #WhiteRockLake #Dallas #DallasNeighborhood #PeriodHome #Renovation #Historic
At the Dallas Art Fair, collectors are introduced to galleries around the world. Also, art collectors from around the world are introduced to Dallas art galleries. The Valley House Gallery with the insightful presence of gallerists Cheryl and Kevin Vogel, in a prime location on the second floor, exhibits several sought-after artists like Mary Vernon and Sedrick Huckaby shown here. The energy of Dallas galleries, including Conduit, Liliana Bloch, and many others next to San Francisco, New York, and European galleries is contagious. Walking the halls, you will see drifting in and out of the galleries sophisticated collectors, museum directors, and art lovers. Dallas at the end of the 21st century second decade is becoming what the Chicago Art Fair at the Navy Pier was in the last decade of the 21st century. *Dallas Gallery Excels
#DallasArtFair #ChicagoArtFair #MaryVernon #SedrickHuckaby @ValleyHouseGallery #Gallerists #ArtFair #Dallas #Downtown #DowntownDallas #Art #Artists #Painting #ArtGallery #Gallery #ArtExhibition #MuseumDirector #ArtMuseum
If you live in a neighborhood north of downtown, just follow the moon until you see the Fairmont Hotel in downtown Dallas and you will be at the entrance of the Dallas Art Fair. Galleries are taking the Dallas Art Fair more seriously, as are the art collectors. The work exhibited has a great range of price and relevance and is well curated and displayed. International artists are introduced or reintroduced to collectors. Interestingly, galleries from both coasts bring work of Dallas artists that they show in their galleries to share with the international audience that comes to the Dallas Art Fair. This Art Fair in Dallas is such a nice way to acquaint oneself with a great amount of art and artists in a short amount of time. The Dallas Art Fair also provides the opportunity to spend quality time with many of the top gallerists from across the country and around the world. The best news is the Dallas galleries hold their own! *Art Fair Begins
#DallasArtFair #Dallas #Downtown #DowntownDallas #FairmontHotel #DallasFairmontHotel
#Art #Artists #Gallerists #ArtGallery #DowntownNeighborhood #DallasNeighborhood
Artist Linnea Glatt has always impressed me with her work. It is geometric, precise, organized, symmetrical, sequential, balanced, and correct. But, as you can see, this mounted sculpture has soft tactile edges. This linear piece creates undulating shadows and then your eye is taken back to the black and white contrast the artist created. Here artist Linnea Glatt has created a sculpture that presents itself as a statement of black and white, but is so much more. You can see recent work of Linnea Glatt at the Monumental II exhibition @BarryWhistlerGallery that opens April 6th. * Black and White?
@linnea_glatt #LinneaGlattArtist @BarryWhistlerGallery #BarryWhistlerGallery #GalleryOpening #Artist #Art #Design #Architecture #Architect #DesignDistrict #DallasNeighborhood #Dallas #ArtExhibition #tremontartists
Life can be just life Orr so much more—it can be art. Artist Tom Orr’s work for this Monumental II show opening @BarryWhistlerGallery is just that. Tom Orr works large, strong, and with finesse. I have long been impressed with how well his work stands up to time. Like his work today, his pieces from decades ago are still inviting and compelling. Good art like good architecture does not waver out of a trend line rendering it out of date, it becomes more centered on enduring design fostering even greater appreciation. You will enjoy seeing recent work of Tom Orr when the Monumental II exhibition opens April 6th at the Barry Whistler Gallery. * Orr Art
@TomOrrArt #BarryWhistlerGallery #GalleryOpening #Artist #Art #Design #Architecture #Architect #DesignDistrict #DallasNeighborhood #Dallas #ArtExhibition #TomOrrArist
In the distance, framed through the allée of live oaks on the median of SMU’s Bishop Bouevard, is the domed Dallas Hall. This architectural icon of SMU higher learning was set back from the entrance of SMU almost as an academic lure or academic destiny. Now it looks set back in the distance as an afterthought with the five-story indoor football practice field dominating one’s SMU field of vision. Instead of SMU setting back the indoor practice football field, they set back academics and what SMU stands for. *Academic Set Back
#AcademicSetback #SMU #DallasHall #BishopBoulevard #SMUIndoorFootballField #Architecture #CollegeArchitecturePlan #UniversityArchitecturePlan #AcademicTravesty #Design #Dallas #UniversityPark
The building of an indoor practice football field on SMU’s Bishop Boulevard purports to make an SMU football team better. The total disregard for campus aesthetics promises to perfect bad. It will be hard for SMU to find someone with a straight face that this indoor practice football field reaches an acceptable standard of campus planning or architecture. I have always thought a football field helped a university. If the games were on campus—even better. Academics and athletics can easily coexist. What can’t seem to coexist at SMU are aesthetics and athletics. Athletics detracting from academics I have considered a fairly tiresome argument. Aesthetics versus athletics is a fresher and more dynamic concern. The design of college stadiums might draw some comment from architecture critics or university faithful, but I cannot recall anywhere when aesthetics were so pummeled by athletics. This university architectural site plan came on a campus that has long been ranked high in the nation for its beauty, SMU is also a university that hs one of the nation’s best art schools. Now, right across from the plaza of the art school is an indoor practice football field that hugs the curb of Bishop Boulevard. Whether it is SMU's performing arts, studio arts or art history, the Meadows School of the Arts raises the aesthetic sensibility of every student on campus. The visually and emotionally deadening effect of a monstrous indoor football practice field lowers the aesthetic awareness and expectations of every student. I always knew SMU could survive their athletic death penalty as the sanctions would go away and the teams would rebuild. But how can SMU aesthetics survive this athletic assault? I wish the NCAA could issue aesthetic sanctions on SMU and deny them building permits for the next 30 years. The only hope is, just like the oversized homes from the 1980s and 1990s that are being torn down, this building too will be torn down in the not too distant future. *Practice Makes Perfect #AcademicsVersusAthletics #ArchitecturalTravesty #SMU #BishopBoulevard #SMUArts #SMUArtSchool #Design #Dallas #UniversityPark #AthleticsAssaultsAesthetics #Aesthetics.
Maybe the worst university campus architectural site decision in America is the new SMU indoor football practice field that has virtually no setback from the street and violates the 100-year-old setbacks of the neighboring dormitories. The indoor football field building is a setback for the university for another reason, it replaces the outdoor aquatic courtyard with a 50-meter swimming pool and separate diving tower pool. The outdoor pool attracted students, professors, alums, childrens’ camps, and Dallas residents from across the city to feel welcome to visit the heart of the SMU campus. The outdoor pool also provided clear site lines of the surrounding student dorms, the Highland Park Methodist Church, Perkins Chapel, the gold dome of the Cox Business School, and the blue sky. Now, across from the Meadows School of the Arts sited in the middle of Bishop Boulevard is a five-story football field indoor practice building. Violating the existing building setback line further punctuates the overwhelming architectural blemish on what had been one of the country’s most beautiful promenades of college campus Georgian buildings. These stately buildings line the boulevard that included a median and an allée of live oaks that made their way up to Dallas Hall. It is almost as if the university took their architectural cue from small university park lots that had 10,000 square foot pseudo mansions inserted on a street of cottages owned by professors. What was the university thinking? SMU is an institution that is supposed to foster thinking. The Meadows School of the Arts across the boulevard fosters aesthetic awareness. An indoor football field practice building placed on the prime spot of the SMU ceremonial boulevard is an intellectual and aesthetic travesty. *Architectural Setback
#SMU #IndoorFootballField #SMUBoulevard #SMUArchitecture #ArchitecturalSetback #CollegeCampus #UniversityPark #Architecture #Design #Travesty #Aesthetics
Khao Noodle Shop shows evolution of Old East Dallas neighborhood is not gentrification. Many Vietnamese refugees and southeastern Asians landed in Old East Dallas in the 1970s. Vietnamese and Asian restaurants, grocery stores and gardens sprung up around Bryan and Fitzhugh where many of these Asian immigrants found housing in the surrounding deteriorated neighborhood. Over 40 years the neighborhood has improved. Divided up rent houses have returned to single-family homes, historic districts have been created, apartment complexes have gradually improved. The mainstays of Bryan and Fitzhugh like Jimmy’s Italian Food Store and Mai’s restaurant have remained. Urbano and other longtime restaurants also continue to line the streets. What is particularly heartening is Donny Sirisavath’s opening of Khao Noodle Shop serving Laotian food from his mother’s recipes who came to Dallas in the early 1980s. Rather than Asian restaurants being gentrified, they have been added to and upgraded. At Khao, you will see Laotians, East Dallas residents, and hipsters. The outdoor community tables included wine retailer, restaurant owner, wine distributor eating lunch. Sure, over 45 years a neighborhood evolves, but gentrification is misunderstood. A neighborhood can gently evolve over a half century and still have the character, vibe, and many of the same people, just not as much crime, disease, transience, murders, and prostitution as the neighborhood once had.
#Khao #KhaoNoodleShop @dondarkooo #OldEastDallas #Dallas #gentrification #NeighborhoodEvolution #DowntownNeighborhood #DallasNeighborhood #LaotianFood #LaotianRestaurant #NeighborhoodRestaurant
Here is a large Larry Boerder architect-designed house that ten years ago replaced an even larger home built in the 1980s in this Preston Hollow neighborhood. Better placed, more proportional to its large lot, and architecture that has a timeless quality to it, creates a home that looks like it can endure and be enjoyed for more than the 20-year lifespan of its predecessor. We often think of the importance of site and design of modern homes. This architect-designed home shows it can be just as important for a traditional home that draws from historic precedent.
#PrestonHollow #EstateArea #Architecture #ClassicArchitecture #HistoricDesign #DallasNeighborhood #Dallas #EstateHome @larryboerder_architects #architect #dallasarchitecture
Some of the Jonas Wood paintings in the current solo exhibition at the Dallas Museum of Art have a Secessionist element to them. The DMA brilliantly used wallpaper in some of the museum gallery spaces that was reminiscent of the Neue Galerie Secessionist exhibition a few years ago. I love the way the botanical paintings were displayed on this background. The Dallas Museum of Art put on a great show and displayed a very fine artist!
#Secessionists @NeueGalerieNY #JonasWood #Artist #DallasMuseumOfArt @DallasMuseumArt #ArtOpening #MuseumOpening #Fashion #ArtAttire #Dallas #Painting #Art #ArtsDistrict #Museum
The first major art show for an artist is a big deal. The first major solo museum exhibition for an artist is maybe even a bigger deal. It is also a big deal to the museum to be able to have the first major solo exhibition of an artist. The recent opening featuring Jonas Wood at the Dallas Museum of Art was a triumph for both the artist and the museum. It was also a joy for all of those that attended. Jonas Wood had his first major New York show just ten years ago. Now, just days before his 42nd birthday, the DMA is celebrating his work with this mid-career exhibition. This museum opening was my favorite art opening in a long time. It included the genuine excitement of the artist who was enjoying his first museum show, the pride of his extended family all in attendance, the keen interest of gallery owners from New York, Los Angeles and Dallas who were also attending the opening, and collectors of his work from Dallas and across the country that were in attendance, as were couple number one. Those seeing his work in person for the first time were also thrilled. Enthusiasm for the arts, not pretense, was the mood. Kudos to the DMA Director Agustin Arteaga and Senior Curator of Contemporary Art, Anna Katherine Brodbeck, who initiated, curated, and organized this exhibition.
#JonasWood #Artist #DallasMuseumOfArt @DallasMuseumArt #ArtOpening #MuseumOpening #Fashion #Dallas #Painting #Art #ArtsDistrict #Museum #art
There is often much conversation on how one should dress for an art opening or how art patrons were dressed for the event. The specific museum, gallery, or featured artist might often subliminally or consciously guide these sartorial decisions. It is fun to see when someone hits the tone of the evening exactly right with their attire. At this exhibition, Beverly gets my enthusiastic nod for so closely tracking Henri Rousseau’s influence on this painting with her beautiful green mid-length open jacket.
#HenriRousseau #JonasWood #Artist #DallasMuseumOfArt @DallasMuseumArt #ArtOpening #MuseumOpening #Fashion #ArtAttire #Dallas #Painting #Art #ArtsDistrict #Museum #joyspotting
Not everyone grows up with their kitchen woodwork painted purple, but not everyone has a mother like artist Jonas Wood’s mother who was an artist and theater designer. We can see the colorful expression that artist Jonas Wood grew up with from this painting of the family home in Weston, Massachusetts, where he was raised. He was the beneficiary of this colorful exuberance as a child. We are the beneficiaries of his exuberant art now. The joy of Jonas Wood’s work seen at the Dallas Museum of Art solo exhibition spilled over to the people that attended his opening at the DMA. His art is strong, expressive, and brings a smile to the viewer.
#PurpleWoodwork #JonasWood #DallasMuseumOfArt @DallasMuseumArt #Kitchen #MuseumOpening #Dallas #ArtOpening #Art #Artist #Design #Color #ArtsDistrict #TheaterDesigner #Mother #WestonMA #joyspotting
Read, look, or listen are three approaches to learning about the Jonas Wood exhibition opening at the DMA. A prominent gallery owner and fellow SMU Town & Gown member chose to read the exhibition catalog before he viewed the paintings. A distinguished museum director got up close to the painting maybe to authenticate it or to study brushstrokes. My choice of an introduction to this painting was to listen. The delightful family of Jonas Wood came to the opening where I met his dad in front of the painting of the bathroom of the home Jonas Wood grew up in. The back story was particularly interesting to me. Jonas’ father is an architect who bought this 1903 home in Weston, MA, in 1975 and owned it until 2016. In 1975 I bought my 1905 house that was also dilapidated; however, his was painted battleship gray and was considered the “horror house” of Weston. The agent thought when seeing the young couple (wife in overalls and husband with long hair and beard) that the house was going to go from bad to worse. Mr. Wood assured the agent his wife was an artist and he was an architect and knew what to do with the home. He showed me many details of the painting, from the American Standard bathtub five inches longer than usual, the replica pedestal sink, and ceramic tile installed in 1935, the last year any work had been done on the house. Mr. Wood discussed many of the travesties of the home that he corrected over the next several decades. He mentioned that Jonas’ mother was able to see her son’s first major New York show in 2009 right before she died. The oral history of the home and family gave depth to the paintings in the exhibition. There is an intimacy and bond with the architecture that comes from living in a 100-year-old home. The extravagant details and patterns of architecture in the paintings of Jonas Wood reflect his having an architect and artist as parents and his entire young life observing the patterns, proportions, materials, and quirks of an old house. Listening adds depth that even the most acute studying and the most intense observation cannot offer.
#JonasWood #Art #Artist #Architect #DallasMuseumOfArt @DallasMuseumArt #Dallas #MuseumOpening
A view out the front door of this Dick Clark architect-designed modern home presents a much different look than that of a flat Dallas neighborhood suburban development. Even with other homes in the vicinity, there is a sense of endless Texas country and a rugged rather than city environment. Here is a site where the advantage of large modern home windows makes sense. #Brownwood #Architect #Architecture #FrontDoorView #SuburbanDevelopment #Country #Hill Country #TexasHillCountry #NorthHillCountry #Design #Contemporary #Modern #ModernHome
The flat plains of much of Texas can lull a driver, then all of a sudden one hits the northern edge of Texas Hill Country and there is a hill maybe not remarkable for many places in the country, but almost a shock to the system of a flatlander.
#Texas HillCountry #NorthHillCountry #HillCountry #Flatlander #Brownwood #Hill #FlatPlains
While I missed capturing in this image one of the frequent cardinals enjoying the safflower seeds and fresh berries out the window, the camellia blooms were saved from the recent freeze and brought inside as an homage to the cardinals that stop by and always cheer up gray winter days.
#Dallas #Neighborhood #MungerPlace #Camellias #City #CamelliaBlooms #flowers #urbanyard
Surrounded by single-family homes on two sides, are these 70 new ADU-sized apartments being built, a block from a historic district. This small apartment complex is equivalent to building backyard rental houses behind 70% of Swiss Avenue Historic District homes or building a backyard apartment house behind one of every three homes in the Munger Place Historic District. If just one more small apartment project was built close to these single-family zoned neighborhoods it would create the density equivalent of building backyard rental houses behind every single-family home in the Munger Place Historic District. The City Councilman for the neighborhood has promoted backyard rental houses and promised to get permission for anyone wanting to build a backyard rental house in their backyard. Even if every homeowner builds a backyard rental house, it would only offer a dent in the low density that the City Councilman despises, but the backyard rental houses would be devastating to the single-family middle income neighborhoods, the city, and the environment. The Dallas Morning News just ran a story about how the temperatures of urban areas are rising twice as fast as the rest of the country. One solution and action taken is to plant more trees. One might think that the trees that get destroyed for backyard rental house/ADUs are more important than another apartment unit. One also might think that having neighborhoods with backyard trees and play areas for children is more important than another apartment neighborhood with streets lined with cars where kids cannot ride their bikes or play safely in the front yards and parkways of their neighborhood.
#ADU #BackyardRentalHouse #GrannyFlats #Apartments #EastDallasApartments #MungerPlace #MungerPlaceHistoricDistrict #SwissAvenue #SwissAvenueHistoricDistrict #Fitzhugh #Density #LowDensity #Dallas #DallasCityCouncil #SingleFamilyHomes #BackyardTrees #MiddleClassNeighborhoods #MiddleIncomeNeighborhoods #Urban
In 1975 Roy Fridge made his Norma Cat Mask in honor of Norma McManaway, wife of Artist David McManaway. This was also the year the McManaways bought a house on Tremont Street where artist James Surls had first bought a home two years earlier in what was identified as the worst neighborhood in Dallas. Very quickly Tremont Street and Munger Place became an enclave of artists. A score of artists bought homes in Munger Place or lived on Tremont or visited frequently, including Frances Bagley, Randy Brodnax, Mike McNamara, Manuel Mauricio, Barbara Bell, Giva Taylor, T.A. Taylor, Pat Forest, David Bates, Dan Rizzie, John Alexander, Jim Love, Sam Gummelt, and a host of others that later included Adrian Hall, Director Dallas Theater Center, and Eugene Lee, set designer of Saturday Night Live. The recent show at the Kirk Hopper Gallery included work by Roy Fridge and reminded me that this hermetic and reclusive artist known for living in temporary beach houses also discovered Tremont Street and lived in a1910 unrestored 200sf space over my open one-car garage. Roy Fridge created dignity and grace in this incredibly simple space.
Artists have a way of discovering neighborhoods that have potential and spaces that can be made into something. I heard artist Giovanni Valderas speak about his City Council race in Kessler Park’s District 1. District 1 is 80% Hispanic but it has been governed by the white political cartel based in the extensive Kessler Park single family home neighborhood. His most interesting comment at the Dallas Breakfast Group Forum was that he was in favor of homeownership for the Hispanic community in his district with City resources going towards streets, curbs, sidewalks, parkway trees to encourage Hispanic families to buy and fix up a home to create a better neighborhood and wealth for themselves. His City Council opponent, a Kessler Park resident, had a very different platform. He emphasized spending City resources on government subsidized apartments for Hispanics. I think artists often have a better vision of neighborhoods.
#TremontArtists #CityCouncilDistrict1 #Art #GiovanniValderas #DallasCityCouncilRace #Dallas #Neighborhood #OakCliff
Visually looking good—economically looking bad! A city train is a toy every city desires to feel like a city. When DART was first proposed, the alleged “flat earthers” who opposed it suggested that it would be cheaper to pick up and deliver every potential DART rider in a limousine than to subsidize their ride on a DART train. They might have been right. Does anyone know the true cost for a passenger mile on a DART train, if all the money to build DART and all the tax money collected every year to subsidize DART is calculated? From Michael Morris to local politicians I have sought but have not been able to receive an answer to this question. The current ridership is so anemic that now there is a proposal to use tax money collected by DART to subsidize developers that will develop projects by DART stations to increase ridership. Inevitably if this happens, DART proponents will point to DART ridership as the economic instigation of this development. Many argue that no matter what the extraordinary cost is per DART passenger mile, it is worth it if it takes cars off the road. Not true! All the studies show that mass transit just encourages urban sprawl, as the temporarily emptier roads fill up, by the increased distant development becoming more economically attractive and valuable. In the meantime, I love the look of the yellow trains zipping around making me feel like I am living in a hip city. For now, I will continue driving to help block the roads to discourage urban sprawl and encourage vibrant growth in the city.
#Dallas #UrbanSprawl #DART #MassTransportation #PassengerMiles #City #Trains #Rail #SubsidizedTransportation #city #downtown #artsdistrict #hipcity #toy